3 Lung Problems Every Person Must Know

Doctor consulting a patient woman coughing with a stethoscope

The lungs are vital organs that facilitate gas exchange and the transport of oxygen into various cells of the body. Because the lungs constantly contract and expand to ensure proper functioning, it is important to keep them healthy.

Unfortunately, the respiratory tract and its surrounding muscles may have underlying pathology that could impair breathing. As such, you should consult a pulmonologist to ensure proper diagnosis and management of your condition.

Bronchial Asthma

Bronchial asthma is a chronic disease characterized by recurrent attacks of coughing, shortness of breath, and chest heaviness. An audible wheeze may also be present due to tight oxygen entry into the airways. As oxygen levels may rapidly decline during acute exacerbations, visiting a physician who specializes in pulmonology in Salem is extremely important.

You may be given inhaled beta agonists to improve air entry. If your condition does not improve despite nebulization, you may be advised admission at the ward for the administration of intravenous corticosteroids. Once discharged, your pulmonologist will provide maintenance medications to prevent future asthma attacks.


Pneumonia is a common cause of breathing difficulty, especially in developing countries. Patients experience progressive fever, cough, and impaired breathing lasting for more than five to seven days. Most pulmonologists order blood tests and chest radiographs to determine whether the disease is viral or bacterial. Once the cause has been determined, you may be started on antibiotics or supportive treatment to combat the infection.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is characterized by progressive lung damage due to frequent exposure to hazardous chemicals. Tobacco use remains the most prevalent cause of COPD worldwide. Specialists recommend medication intake and pulmonary rehabilitation to prevent the occurrence of future flare-ups.

Difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, and poor air entry are common reasons for a medical consultation. As impaired respiration may be due to several conditions, early diagnosis and management are important in improving your health and quality of life.